Goldenrod (Solidago) is a genus of flowering plants native to North America and belongs to the aster family. It can be easily identified by its clusters of small golden yellow flowers that grow on tall, hairy stems. Flowers are strongly scented. Goldenrod grow to be 2-6 feet tall. Flowers are commonly found growing in fields, road sides and salt marshes, blooming from late summer until fall.
Most North Americans consider goldenrod to be a weed for its fast growing, aggressive nature, but they are considered to be prized perennials in Europe. With their brightly coloured flowers, goldenrods would brighten up any dull spot in the garden. There are cultivars that are shorter, long-blooming and don’t don’t spread aggressively. Goldenrods prefer poor sandy soils, but will also grow well in fertile soil. Plant in full sun or partial shade. Clumps can be divided in the fall or spring.
Goldenrods can be used as a cut flower, in both fresh and dried arrangements. They dry particularly well and would be ideal for wreath making!
Climate zones: 3-9
Fun Flower Facts about the Goldenrod (Solidago):
- Young goldenrod leaves are edible and would make a good substitute for French tarragon.
- Native Americans chewed the leaves to help relieve sore throats and toothaches.
- An herbal tea can be made with the flowers.
- Certain species of goldenrod leaves contain rubber.
- Goldenrod is the state flower of for the US states of Kentucky and Nebraska.
- Flowers can be used to make a yellow dye.
- Bee On Goldenrod (littlepinkdove.wordpress.com)